Bees gather nectar and pollen and deliver it to the hive for processing. This involves the evaporation of excess water and the decomposition of complex sugars into the simpler sugars glucose and fructose. The resulting honey is sealed into the beeswax cells of the honeycomb. These tasks are highly dependent on the climatic conditions, such as temperature, humidity, air quality, light, wind and precipitation.
Disturbingly, bee populations have fallen sharply in recent years. One reason for this is environmental pollution and the widespread use of agrochemicals. Toxic pesticides and fungicides contaminate the pollen that bees collect and bring to the hive. Many bees are dying because these harmful chemicals dramatically weaken their immune systems.
Read the factsheet to find out more about honey and apian products.