Every species has the right to live, or to a decent chance to live, simply because it exists.
One of the most important and precious resources on Earth is its diversity of biological species, known as biodiversity. The most important trait of biodiversity is that its various components, despite being qualitatively different from one another, are able to adapt to form stable ecological systems. This is what makes life on Earth and human civilisation possible.
Components of biodiversity
three primary components of biological diversity:
evolution, plant and animal species have appeared and disappeared;
some have remained without undergoing significant changes, while
others have divided into subspecies.
The main threats to biodiversity are habitat destruction, the fragmentation of natural ecosystems, pollution, the over-exploitation of animals and plants (e.g. over-fishing), and the introduction of invasive alien species.
is a priceless asset for humankind. In nature, everything is
connected and nothing is random and unnecessary. What
nature gives us is nothing less than the basis of our modern economy
Belarus lies on the plains of Eastern Europe, which have their own specific types of biodiversity.
vegetation occupies 67 percent of the surface area of Belarus: 37.8 percent is forest
(7.8 million hectares); 15.8 percent grassland (3.3 million hectares); 11.5 percent wetlands (2.4 million hectares); and 1.9 percent shrub (0.4 million
467 registered species of vertebrates and more than 30,000 registered species of invertebrates in Belarus.
Game animals include 21 species of mammals, 29 species of birds and 30 species of fish, as well as the Danube crayfish and French snail.
activity has changed the environment and led to a rapid loss of
biodiversity. It also threatens many species with extinction.
Several laws and other normative acts of the Republic of Belarus have been adopted to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. Among the most important are the:
The National Strategy for the Development and Management of a System of Nature Protected Areas was adopted in 2007 and remains in force until January 1, 2015. A strategy for the implementation of the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance was put into effect in 2009.
Resolution No. 1707 of the Council of Ministers (November 19, 2010) adopted the Action Plan and Strategy for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity for 2011−2020.
The implementation of state policy in the field of biological conservation is primarily the duty of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection. The State Inspectorate of Animal and Plant Life of the President of the Republic of Belarus oversees the protection and management of wild game and fish, and also monitors the use of the forestry fund.
Government agencies promote the conservation of biodiversity in Belarus by:
Belarus should not only maintain a network of protected areas, but should also create a network of ecological corridors between protected areas in the very near future.
Belarus created a national Red Data Book of rare and endangered plant and animal species in 1981, and it is updated periodically. The third edition, from 2005–2006, included 173 species of vascular plants, 27 species of bryophytes, 21 species of algae, 24 species of lichens, 29 species of fungi, 17 species of mammals, 72 species of birds, two species of reptiles and amphibians, 70 species of insects, 10 species of crustaceans, two species of molluscs, and one species of spider, leech and millipede. A total of 2,039 habitats containing 71 species of wild animals and 1,040 areas of vegetation with 103 species of wild plants listed in the Red Data Book of the Republic of Belarus came under official protection on January 1, 2010.