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202 illustration

Red fox

Vulpes vulpes

The red fox is 50 to 90 centimetres long and has a bushy tail up to 50 centimetres long. It weighs between 5 and 10 kilograms and lives about 12 years. It has relatively short legs and a pointed muzzle and ears. Its fur is reddish brown on top and white below, and its tail ends with a white tip.

Found widely in all types of habitats, the red fox lives mostly in cultivated areas, forests, shrubby grasslands, parks, and on the outskirts of settlements. It can be found in Europe, Asia, North America and North Africa.

The red fox feeds on rabbits and rodents, birds, eggs, insects (mostly beetles) and worms. In autumn it also eats fruit, carrion and waste on the outskirts of towns and villages. Once a year the female bears three to six cubs in its den. The cubs have greyish fur and are dependent on their mother for three to four months, while the male provides food. Mostly nocturnal, the red fox sometimes lives in the galleries of badger holes. It is a natural carrier of rabies.

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