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Plants

  • Alder buckthorn
  • Annual meadow grass
  • Bird cherry
  • Biting stonecrop
  • Common alder
  • Common ash
  • Common bladderwort
  • Common cattail
  • Common hazel
  • Common juniper
  • Common knotgrass
  • Common liverwort
  • Common mallow
  • Common mistletoe
  • Common nettle
  • Common polypody
  • Common raspberry
  • Common reed
  • Common sweet flag
  • Cornelian cherry
  • Creeping buttercup
  • Creeping thistle
  • Creeping woodsorrel
  • Daisy
  • Dandelion
  • Dog rose
  • English oak
  • European larch
  • European spindle
  • European white water lily
  • Field bindweed
  • Field horsetail
  • Field maple
  • Germander speedwell
  • Greater celandine
  • Greater plantain
  • Hairy finger-grass
  • Hart's-tongue fern
  • Hawthorn
  • Hornbeam
  • Horse chestnut
  • Ivy-leaved toadflax
  • Lesser duckweed
  • Lily of the Valley
  • Maidenhair spleenwort
  • Male fern
  • Norway spruce
  • Peat moss
  • Perforate St. John's wort
  • Red clover
  • Ribwort plantain
  • Round-leaved sundew
  • Rowan
  • Scots pine
  • Shepherd's-purse
  • Silver birch
  • Small-leaved lime
  • Sweet violet
  • White poplar
  • White willow
  • Wild strawberry
  • Wych elm
  • Yarrow
577 illustration

Common nettle

Urtica dioica

Description:
This perennial plant grows to between 2 and 4 metres tall and produces pointed leaves and whitish-yellowish flowers. The nettle stings when it comes into contact with bare skin. The stinging sensation is caused by the formic acid that covers the tiny hairs of the plant. The genus name, Urtica, comes from the Latin verb urere, meaning “to burn”. The species name dioica means “two houses”, referring to the fact that the male and female flowers are found on separate plants. The nettle has a creeping, stretching root from which new shoots emerge during the spring. Pairs of dull, dark-green leaves grow opposite one another on the stem and are oval shaped with a toothed and tapered end and covered with stinging hairs. The small, whitish flowers that appear from June to August are clustered in spikes up to 10 centimetres in length. The stinging nettle has been used as a medicine in Europe for over 2,000 years.

Habitat:
The common nettle prefers damp soils that are rich in nutrients. It grows in a wide variety of habitats, including woods, unmanaged grasslands, scrub, hedgerows, road verges, wasteground, gardens, farmland, fens and river banks. It is common throughout the world.

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