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241 illustration

Song thrush

Turdus philomelos

About 21 centimetres long, the song thrush has a fairly short tail and is brown above and yellowish white below, densely sprinkled with black spots. The rusty colour of its underwings is sometimes visible in flight.

Northern populations are migratory, wintering in Western and Southern Europe. The song thrush can be found in lush woodland, parks and gardens throughout Europe.

The song thrush's nest is a well-concealed moss-covered bowl with a smooth grey interior of clay and dry grass. The thrush feeds on insects, snails and worms, often using a favourite stone on which to break open snail shells. The male’s song is a loud, clear run of repeated phrases, and an individual male may have a repertoire of over 100. It can imitate other birds and even telephones. It has one of the loudest bird calls for its weight.

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