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286 illustration

Large white

Pieris brassicae

Description:
The large white butterfly has a wingspan of about 65 millimetres. It has a grey body and chalky white wings. The underside of the hind wing is yellowish in colour. The female has two black spots and a streak above the forewing, while the male has only one black spot. The caterpillars grow up to 40 millimetres long and are yellowish green with black spots.

Habitat:
The large white inhabits gardens, fields and grasslands up to 1,800 metres in the mountains. A common butterfly, it is found in Europe, North Africa, and Eastern and Central Asia.

Habits:
Winter is passed as a chrysalis and the larval stage lasts about one month. The caterpillar feeds mainly on cabbage, but also on cultivated and wild plants belonging to the same family.

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