About 33 centimetres long, the green woodpecker’s head is red above with a black patch around the eye. The female has a pure black moustache, while the male’s has a red centre. The back is green and the rump is yellowish. Young birds are spotted black.
The green woodpecker breeds in open deciduous and mixed woods, mature farmland with pasture and trees, parkland, commons and large gardens. It is found across Europe except for Ireland and Northern Europe.
Nesting in self-made tree hollows, the green woodpecker feeds mainly on ants and spends a great deal of time on the ground.