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Plants

  • Alder buckthorn
  • Annual meadow grass
  • Bird cherry
  • Biting stonecrop
  • Common alder
  • Common ash
  • Common bladderwort
  • Common cattail
  • Common hazel
  • Common juniper
  • Common knotgrass
  • Common liverwort
  • Common mallow
  • Common mistletoe
  • Common nettle
  • Common polypody
  • Common raspberry
  • Common reed
  • Common sweet flag
  • Cornelian cherry
  • Creeping buttercup
  • Creeping thistle
  • Creeping woodsorrel
  • Daisy
  • Dandelion
  • Dog rose
  • English oak
  • European larch
  • European spindle
  • European white water lily
  • Field bindweed
  • Field horsetail
  • Field maple
  • Germander speedwell
  • Greater celandine
  • Greater plantain
  • Hairy finger-grass
  • Hart's-tongue fern
  • Hawthorn
  • Hornbeam
  • Horse chestnut
  • Ivy-leaved toadflax
  • Lesser duckweed
  • Lily of the Valley
  • Maidenhair spleenwort
  • Male fern
  • Norway spruce
  • Peat moss
  • Perforate St. John's wort
  • Red clover
  • Ribwort plantain
  • Round-leaved sundew
  • Rowan
  • Scots pine
  • Shepherd's-purse
  • Silver birch
  • Small-leaved lime
  • Sweet violet
  • White poplar
  • White willow
  • Wild strawberry
  • Wych elm
  • Yarrow
532 illustration

Common reed

Phragmites australis

Description:
This aquatic perennial grass can grow up to 6 metres in height. The roots and tough stalks grow from leathery horizontal rhizomes that lie on or beneath the ground surface. The stalks support broad sheath-like leaves, often 20 to 40 centimetres long and between 1 and 4 centimetres wide. Flowers develop by mid-summer and are arranged in tawny spikelets with many tufts of silky hair. The large purple flowerheads turn grey and fluffy in late summer as they go to seed.

Habitat:
The common reed forms dense colonies in sunny wetland habitats such as marshes, swamps, riverbanks and lake shores. The common reed can be found throughout the world.

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