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Insects

  • Antlion
  • Beautiful demoiselle, or black-winged damselfly
  • Birch leaf roller
  • Buzzer midge
  • Click beetle
  • Cockchafer
  • Colorado beetle
  • Common Blue
  • Common brimstone
  • Common club-tail
  • Common green shieldbug
  • Common house mosquito  
  • Common pond skater
  • Common stag beetle
  • Common wasp
  • Common water scorpion
  • European hornet
  • Eyed hawk-moth
  • Firebug
  • Forest cockroach
  • Forest ground beetle
  • Garden spider
  • Garden tiger moth
  • Great diving beetle
  • Gypsy moth
  • Honeybee
  • Large poplar longhorn beetle
  • Large white
  • Longhorn beetle
  • Mantis
  • Old World swallowtail
  • Painted lady
  • Pale giant horse-fly
  • Peacock butterfly
  • Peppered moth
  • Red admiral
  • Red ant
  • Red-tailed bumblebee
  • Rose chafer
  • Seven-spot ladybird
  • Silver-washed fritillary
  • Soldier beetle
  • Steppe grasshopper
  • Striped shield bug
  • Variable damselfly
  • Wasp spider
  • Water boatman
  • Yellow-winged darter
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Old World swallowtail

Papilio machaon

Description:
The Old World swallowtail butterfly has yellow wings with black vein markings and large spots. The hind wings have a wide band of blue with an orange-red eye spot at the lower angle. The hind wings also have protruding tails of up to 1 centimetre in length which give the butterfly its common name. Adults have a wingspan of up to 8.5 centimetres. The caterpillars are large and generally green with black rings that are dotted with orange, yellow or red. The caterpillar feeds on wild dill, fennel and other umbellifers. The pupae are green or reddish brown.

Habitat:
The swallowtail lives in warm habitats and prefers damp places were its favourite food plants can be found. In forest habitats, the butterflies are typically found in meadows and clearings and along riverbanks. They are also quite common in agricultural landscapes.

Habits:
The Old World swallowtail can be seen in flight between May and June and from July to August. It has a strong, fast flight but frequently hovers over flowering herbs to sip nectar.

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