Library                   Encyclopedia

Fungi And Lichen

  • Chanterelle
  • Common morel
  • Cup lichen
  • Devil’s bolete
  • Fly agaric
  • Hooded tube lichen
  • Maritime sunburst lichen
  • Meadow mushroom
  • Parasol mushroom
  • Wall screw moss
301 illustration

Wall screw moss

Tortula muralis

Description:
Wall screw moss forms bright green cushions up to 5 centimetres across and 2 centimetres high. It has tiny leaves that end in a small white hair. Unlike other mosses, it has no true roots. The moss reproduces by scattering dust-like spores from slender, cylindrical spore capsules carried vertically on comparatively long stems. The spore capsules have pointed hoods initially, which fall to release the ripe spores.

Habitat:
This extremely common moss grows on rocks and walls throughout Europe. Like all mosses, it needs humidity in order to reproduce and therefore flourishes in damp places.

  • Illustration
  • Photos
  • Video