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Plants

  • Alder buckthorn
  • Annual meadow grass
  • Bird cherry
  • Biting stonecrop
  • Common alder
  • Common ash
  • Common bladderwort
  • Common cattail
  • Common hazel
  • Common juniper
  • Common knotgrass
  • Common liverwort
  • Common mallow
  • Common mistletoe
  • Common nettle
  • Common polypody
  • Common raspberry
  • Common reed
  • Common sweet flag
  • Cornelian cherry
  • Creeping buttercup
  • Creeping thistle
  • Creeping woodsorrel
  • Daisy
  • Dandelion
  • Dog rose
  • English oak
  • European larch
  • European spindle
  • European white water lily
  • Field bindweed
  • Field horsetail
  • Field maple
  • Germander speedwell
  • Greater celandine
  • Greater plantain
  • Hairy finger-grass
  • Hart's-tongue fern
  • Hawthorn
  • Hornbeam
  • Horse chestnut
  • Ivy-leaved toadflax
  • Lesser duckweed
  • Lily of the Valley
  • Maidenhair spleenwort
  • Male fern
  • Norway spruce
  • Peat moss
  • Perforate St. John's wort
  • Red clover
  • Ribwort plantain
  • Round-leaved sundew
  • Rowan
  • Scots pine
  • Shepherd's-purse
  • Silver birch
  • Small-leaved lime
  • Sweet violet
  • White poplar
  • White willow
  • Wild strawberry
  • Wych elm
  • Yarrow
567 illustration

Common ash

Fraxinus excelsior

Description:
The common or European ash is a deciduous tree that grows to a height of 20 to 40 metres. The trunk is straight with smooth, grey bark at first that later develops shallow fissures and turns grey-black. The leaves are composed of pairs of leaflets, each up to 10 to 12 centimetres long and with serrated edges. The leaves appear quite late, the latest of all European trees, and they are the first to fall in autumn, dropping while still green. The fruits (achenes) contain a single seed, each one set in a long narrow brown wing. The wings hang in bunches and are known as “ash keys”.

Habitat:
The common ash is native to most of Europe, growing from lowland to mountain regions. It is commonest in flood-plain forests.

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