The Eastern European Hedgehog measures 25 centimetres, with a tail of 3 centimetres. It weighs up to 1 kilogram and has a life expectancy of nine years. Its body is covered by about 6,000 spines that are 2 to 3 centimetres long and dark brown with white tips. Its head and throat are covered with yellowish hair. It has a pointed muzzle with small eyes.
The hedgehog inhabits parks, gardens, forests, hedges and fields up to 2,000 metres in altitude. It is found in Central and Eastern Europe, the Baltics and the Balkan Peninsula.
The omnivorous hedgehog eats worms, snails, spiders, centipedes, insects, frogs, lizards, carrion and fruit. The young are born blind and without spikes. Hedgehogs are nocturnal animals and curl up and freeze when in danger, which is the main reason why they are often killed on roads at night. Hedgehogs hibernate during the winter, hidden among leaves or in holes.