Library                   Encyclopedia

Birds

  • Barn owl
  • Barn swallow
  • Blackbird
  • Blackcap
  • Blue tit
  • Bullfinch
  • Chaffinch
  • Chiffchaff
  • Common buzzard
  • Common moorhen
  • Common quail
  • Common redstart
  • Common woodpigeon
  • Cuckoo
  • Golden oriole
  • Goldfinch
  • Great spotted woodpecker
  • Great tit
  • Greenfinch
  • Green woodpecker
  • Hawfinch
  • Hooded crow
  • Hoopoe
  • House martin
  • House sparrow
  • Jackdaw
  • Jay
  • Kestrel
  • Little owl
  • Long-eared owl
  • Long-tailed tit
  • Magpie
  • Mallard
  • Nuthatch
  • Pied wagtail
  • Red-backed shrike
  • Robin
  • Rock dove and feral pigeon
  • Rook
  • Skylark
  • Song thrush
  • Sparrowhawk
  • Spotted flycatcher
  • Starling
  • Swift
  • Tawny owl
  • Thrush nightingale
  • Tree sparrow
  • White stork
  • Wren
  • Yellowhammer
264 illustration

Yellowhammer

Emberiza citrinella

Description:
About 16 centimetres long, the male yellowhammer has a red-brown rump, bright yellow head, yellow underparts and a heavily streaked brown back. The female has less yellow and predominating greyish-green colours. It has a thick bill, typical of seed-eating birds.

Habitat:
The yellowhammer is commonly found on farmland, in hedges and scrub, as well as in clearings, heaths and coastal meadows. It is present throughout Europe, with only the northernmost populations migrating in winter.

Habits:
The distinctive call of the yellowhammer was Beethoven’s inspiration for the first four notes of his Fifth Symphony. The yellowhammer eats seeds, or insects when feeding young.

  • Illustration
  • Photos
  • Video
  • Audio