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235 illustration

House martin

Delichon urbica

Description:
About 14 centimetres long, with a wingspan of nearly 30 centimetres, the house martin has a short, moderately forked tail. It has a steel-blue head and upper parts, white rump, and pure white underparts.

Habitat:
The house martin is found across Europe during the summer, wintering in Africa. It commonly breeds in colonies in villages, farms, towns and various types of open country.

Habits:
The house martin builds a closed, convex mud nest beneath house eaves, on bridge girders etc. It feeds on insects, which it catches in flight.

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