This small, brown bird is about 13 centimetres long. Adults have a rusty-red bib, while young robins have spotted plumage and no bib.
Resident in most of Europe but migratory in Northern Europe, the robin breeds in woodland, gardens, parks and the edges of forests, generally in dense vegetation and open areas.
With drooped wings, the robin hops rapidly over the ground with its feet together, curtseys and cocks its short tail. It perches motionless, makes a sudden movement, then stands still again. It nests in hollow stumps, banks and crevices and feeds on insects, snails and worms.