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Garden spider

Araneus diadematus

The female garden spider grows to be 20 millimetres long, while the male of the species reaches only 9 millimetres in length. The garden spider is pale brown and has a distinctive white marking on its abdomen, in the form of a cross.

Common in Europe, the garden spider inhabits gardens, parks, forests and shrubby areas.

The garden spider spins a more or less vertical orb web to catch prey, usually well off the ground on bushes and fences, or between the branches of trees. It envelops the captured insects with web threads and injects them with saliva in order to flood them with digestive enzymes. Garden spiders lays their eggs in September in silken bags fixed in crevices in tree bark or under window-sills. Young spiders hatch in spring, become adults the following summer and die after reproducing.

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